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初中英语26种情景下的交际用语 [复制链接]

Rank: 5

签到天数: 1 天

[LV.1]初来乍到

发表于 2017-9-12 11:02:05 |显示全部楼层
  1问候

  (1) Hello!/Hi!你好!

  (2) Good morning/afternoon/evening! 早晨/下午/晚上好!

  (3) How do you do! 你好!

  (4) I'm Lucy King. 我是露西·金。

  (5) Are you Peter Green? 你是彼得·格林吗?

  (6) Yes,I am/No,I'm not. 是,我是。/不,我不是。

  (7) How are you? 你好吗?

  (8) How are you today/this afternoon/evening? 今天/下午/晚上好吗?

  (9) Fine,thanks. And you? 很好,谢谢。你呢?

  (10) I'm fine,too. 我也很好。

  (11) How is Amy/your father/your mother? 艾米好吗?/你爸爸好吗?/你妈妈好吗?

  (12) She is very well,thank you. 她很好,谢谢。

  (13) Good night,Jane. 晚安,简。

  (14) Goodbye,Mike. 再见,迈克。

  (15) See you tomorrow. 明天见。

  (16) See you later. 待会儿见。

  (17) How's everything? 过得还好吗?

  (18) Just so-so! 还行吧!

  2介绍

  (1) What's your name? 你叫什么名字?

  (2) May I have your name? 能告诉我你的名字吗?

  (3) My name is Jones. 我叫琼斯。

  (4) Just call me Tom. 就叫我汤姆吧。

  (5) What's your first name? 你的名字叫什么?

  (6) My first name is Bill. 我的名字叫比尔。

  (7) How do you spell your last name? 你的姓怎么写?

  (8) Jones J-O-N-E-S. 琼斯,J-O-N-E-S。

  (9) Who is the lady in white? 穿白衣服的那位小姐是谁?

  (10) What's your friend's name? 你的朋友叫什么名字?

  (11) His name is John Smith. 他叫约翰·史密斯。

  (12) John and I are old friends. 我和约翰是老朋友了。

  (13) Are you John's brother? 你是约翰的兄弟吗?

  (14) No,I'm not. 不,我不是。

  (15) This is Mr Jones. 这是琼斯先生。

  (16) This is Tom. He's my classmate. 这是汤姆。我的同学。

  (17) Nice to meet you. 很高兴认识你。

  (18) Nice to meet you,too. 认识你我也很高兴。

  (19) Let me introduce myself. 让我自我介绍一下。

  (20) I'd like you to meet. 我想请你见见……

  (21) Come and meet. 来见见……

  (22) I'm pleased/happy/glad to meet you. 很高兴见到你!

  3告别

  (1) Goodbye!/Bye-bye! 再见!

  (2) Good night! 晚安!

  (3)I'm afraid I have to go now. It's getting late. 天太晚了,我得走了。

  (4) Let's get together soon. 让我们不久再见。

  (5) See you soon/later/tomorrow. 一会儿见/明天见!

  (6) We had a good time. 我们过得很愉快!

  (7) Thank you for having us. 多谢款待我们。

  (8) It's a pleasure! 不客气。

  (9) Take care. 请慢走。

  (10) Please give my regards to... 请代我向……问好。

  (11) Please say hello to... for me. 请代我向……问好。

  4打电话

  (1) Hello. May I speak to Mr Green?你好,我可以和格林先生讲话吗?

  (2) Just a moment. 等一会儿。

  (3) Hold on. 等一会儿。

  (4) He's not in. May I take a message for him?他不在,我能替他捎个口信吗?

  (5) Yes,please. 是的,麻烦了。

  (6) Would you answer the phone please? 你能接一下电话吗?

  (7) I want to make a long distance call. 我想打个长途电话。

  (8) This is Mary Speaking. 我是玛丽。

  (9) Would you tell Mr Green that I called?你能告诉格林先生我给他打了个电话吗?

  (10) I must have dialed a wrong number. 我一定拨错号了。

  (11) I couldn't get through. 我打不通。

  (12) I have to hang up now. 我得挂电话了。

  (13) Would you call back tomorrow? 你能明天回个电话吗?

  (14) There's something wrong with the phone.电话出了点儿毛病。

  (15) I tried to call you,but the line is busy.我试着给你打电话,但老占线。

  5祝愿与应答

  (1) Wish you good health and lots of happiness.

  祝你身体健康,幸福快乐。

  (2) Good luck(to you)! 祝你好运!

  (3) Merry Christmas! 祝你圣诞快乐!

  (4) Happy New Year! 新年好!

  (5) Happy birthday! 生日快乐!

  (6) Enjoy yourself! 祝你玩得愉快!

  (7) Have fun! 祝你玩得愉快!

  (8) Have a good time! 祝你玩得愉快!

  (9) Congratulations! 祝贺你!

  (10) Thank you,and you too. 谢谢,也祝您快乐。

  (11) The same to you. 把同样的祝福也送给您。

  6道歉与应答

  (1) I'm sorry. 对不起。

  (2) I'm sorry for... 对不起……

  (3) I'm sorry about... 对不起……

  (4) Excuse me. 劳驾。

  (5) I must apologize to you for... 我必须为……向你道歉。

  (6) Never mind. 没关系。

  (7) It doesn't matter. 没关系。

  (8) I'm sure you didn't mean to do it. 我相信你不是故意的。

  (9) Forget it. 别放在心上。

  7遗憾与同情

  (1) I'm sorry to hear that. 听到这消息我很难过。

  (2) I know how you feel. 我能体会你的感受。

  (3) Don't worry about it. 别担心。

  (4) I'm sure things will improve. 事情会好起来的。

  (5) Oh,come on. Cheer up. 来吧,振作起来。

  (6) It's not the end of the world. 这并不是世界末日。

  (7) Look on the bright side. 多看看事情好的一面。

  (8) That's too bad. 那可太糟糕了。

  (9) That's shame! 太遗憾了。

  (10) What a shame. 太遗憾了。

  8邀请与应答

  (1) Do you want to...? 你想做……吗?

  (2) Would you like to...? 你想做……吗?

  (3) How would you like to...? 你想做……吗?

  (4) Would you be interested in...? 你对……感兴趣吗?

  (5) Won't you join us? 愿意加入我们吗?

  (6) That sounds great. 听起来够棒的。

  (7) That sounds like fun. 听起来蛮有意思的。

  (8) I'm afraid I can't come to your party.恐怕我不能参加你的晚会。

  (9) Maybe some other time. 改天吧。

  9提供(帮助等)和应答

  (1) Can I help you? 我能帮忙吗?

  (2) Thanks. That would be nice. 谢谢,那太好了。

  (3) What can I do for you? 我能为你做些什么?

  (4) That's very kind of you. 你真好。

  (5) Let me help you. 让我来帮你。

  (6) Thank you for your help. 谢谢你帮忙。

  (7) Would you like some...? 你想来点……?

  (8) Yes please. /No,thanks. 好吧。/不用了,谢谢。

  10请求允许和应答

  (1) Can/Could I...? 我可以……吗?

  (2) Yes/Certainly. Yes,do please. /Of course(you may). That's OK/all right. 当然可以。

  (3) I'm sorry,but/You'd better not... 恐怕不行。/你最好不要……

  11表示同意或不同意

  (1) Certainly/Sure/Of course. 当然可以。

  (2) Yes,please. 可以。

  (3) Yes,I think so. 是的,我想可以。

  (4) That's true. 可以。

  (5) All right/OK. 好吧。

  (6) That's a good idea. 好主意。

  (7) I agree(with you). 我同意(你的意见)。

  (8) No,I don't think so. 不,我认为不可以。

  (9) I'm afraid not. 恐怕不行。

  (10) I really can't agree with you. 我真的不能同意。

  12表示肯定和不肯定

  (1) I'm sure. 我肯定。

  (2) I'm sure that... 我肯定……(后接宾语从句)

  (3) I'm not sure. 我不敢肯定。

  (4) I'm not sure if... 我不敢肯定是否……

  (5) Maybe/Perhaps. 可能吧。

  13谈论天气

  (1) What's the weather like today? 今天天气如何?

  (2) How is the weather in England?英格兰的天气怎么样?

  (3) It's fine/cloudy/windy/rainy晴天/多云/有风/有雨。

  (4) It's rather warm/cold/hot today,isn't it?今天很暖和/冷/热,是吗?

  (5) Lovely weather,isn't it? 天气不错,不是吗?

  (6) What a heavy rain! 好大的雨!

  (7) What a strong wind! 好大的风!

  14购物

  (1) Can I help you? 你想买点什么?

  (2) What can I do for you? 你想买点什么?

  (3) I want/I'd like/I'm looking for... 我想买点……

  (4) What colour/size/kind do you want? 你想买什么颜色/尺寸/种类的?

  (5) Do you have any other kind/size/colour? 还有其他种类/尺寸/颜色的吗?

  (6) Is that all? 还要别的吗?

  15问路和应答

  (1) Excuse me,where's the nearest hospital?请问,最近的医院在哪儿?

  (2) Excuse me,which is the way to...?请问,哪一条是去……的路?

  (3) Excuse me,can you tell me the way to...?请问,你能告诉我去……的路吗?

  (4) How can I get to...? I don't know the way.怎样才能到……?我不认识路。

  (5) Go down this street. 沿着这条街往前走。

  (6) Turn right/left at the first crossing.第一个十字路口右/左拐。

  (7) It's about... meters from here. 离这……米。

  (8) Is it far? 远吗?

  (9) How far is it? 有多远?

  (10) You'd better take a bus. 你最好乘公共汽车。

  (11) Which number do I need? 我该乘哪一路车?

  (12) I think you need a No.5 bus. 我认为你应该乘五路车。

  (13) Sorry,I don't know. You'd better ask the policeman over there. 对不起,我不知道,你最好问问那边的那个警察。

  16问时间或日期和应答

  (1) What day is(it)today? 今天星期几?

  (2) What's the date today? 今天几号?

  (3) What time is it? 几点了?

  (4) What's the time,please? 几点了?

  (5) It's Monday. 今天是星期一。

  (6) It's July 1st. 今天是七月一日。

  (7) It's six o'clock/half past five/a quarter to five/four thirty.六点/五点半/五点差一刻/四点半。

  (8)It's time for/to do... 到了该干……的时候了。

  17请求

  (1) Can/Could you... for me? 你能替我做……吗?

  (2) Will/Would you please...? 你可不可以……?

  (3) May I have...? 我可以……吗?

  (4) Please give/pass me... 请给/递给我……

  (5) Please wait(here/a moment). 请稍等。

  (6) Please wait(for)your turn. 请等到轮到你时。

  (7) Please stand in line/line up. 请站成一排。

  (8)Please hurry. 请快点。

  18劝告和建议

  (1) You'd better ask that woman. 你最好问问那位妇女。

  (2) All right. Thanks. 好吧,谢谢。

  (3) Why don't you go to the park? 为什么不去公园呢?

  (4) Right. I'll do that. 好,就这么办吧。

  (5) How/What about going out for a walk? 去散散步怎么样?

  (6) That's a good idea. Thank you. 好主意,谢谢。

  (7) I think you'd better look it up in the dictionary.你最好还是查查字典。

  (8) You are right. 你说得对。

  (9) Shall we play together? 我们一起玩好吗?

  (10) You shouldn't stay up too late. 别睡得太晚。

  (11) I don't mind. 我不介意。

  19禁止和警告

  (1) You can't do that. 别那么做。

  (2) If you don't get up,you'll be late for school.你再不起床就会迟到了。

  (3) Be careful! 小心!

  (4) Take care! 小心!

  (5) Don't walk there. The floor is wet.别走那儿,地板湿的。

  (6) Make sure you lock the door when you leave.你走的时候把门锁好。

  20表示感情

  (1) I'm glad/pleased/happy to meet you. 很高兴见到你。

  (2) That's nice. 那好吧。

  (3) That's wonderful/great. 太棒了!

  (4) What's wrong? 怎么了?

  (5) What's the matter? 怎么了?

  (6) I'm/He's/She's worried. 我/他/她有点担心。

  (7) Oh. What shall I do? 我该怎么办呢?

  (8) Really? 真的?

  (9) Oh,dear! 天哪!

  (10) Is that so? 真的?

  21就餐

  (1) What would you like to have? 想来点什么?

  (2) Would you like something to eat/drink? 要吃/喝点什么吗?

  (3) I'd like a cup of coffee. 来杯咖啡。

  (4) Help yourself to some fish. 随便吃点鱼。

  (5) Thank you. I've had enough. 谢谢,我吃饱了。

  (6) Just a little,please. 就一点儿。

  (7) —Here or to go? —To go,please.——在这儿还是带走?——带走吧。

  22约会

  (1) Are you free this afternoon/evening?今天下午/晚上你有空吗?

  (2) How about tomorrow morning/afternoon/evening?明天上午/下午/晚上呢?

  (3) Shall we meet at 4∶30 at the school gate?4∶30在学校门口见面如何?

  (4) Yes,that's all right. 好吧,就这么定了。

  (5) Yes,I'll be free then. 那会儿我就有空了。

  (6) No,I won't be free then. 不行,那会儿我没空。

  (7) All right. See you then. 好吧,再见。

  (8) It doesn't matter. We can make it sometime next week.没关系,我们下周见。

  (9) I'd like to see you tomorrow. 明天想见你。

  (10) When can you make it? 你定在什么时候?

  23传递信息

  (1) Will you please give this note/message to Kate?你可以把这个留言条给凯特吗?

  (2) He asked me to give you this note. 他让我给你这张条。

  (3) Thanks for the message. 谢谢你的留言。

  24看病

  (1) There is something wrong with my back.我的后背有毛病。

  (2) I've got a cough. 我咳嗽。

  (3) I feel terrible. 我感到难受。

  (4) I don't feel well. 我不舒服。

  (5) I've got a pain. 我疼。

  (6) This place hurts. 这个地方疼。

  (7) What's wrong with you? 你怎么了?

  (8) What's the matter? 你怎么了?

  (9) What's your trouble? 你怎么了?

  (10) I don't feel like eating. 我不想吃。

  (11) Take this medicine three times a day.服这种药,一天三次。

  (12) It's nothing serious. 不严重。

  (13) You'll be all right. 你会好的。

  (14) You'll get well soon. 你很快就会康复。

  (15) Take it easy. 别紧张。

  (16) Drink more water and have a good rest.多喝水,多休息。

  (17) How long have you been like this?这种情况已经有多久了?

  (18) I've got a headache and a cough. 我头疼,咳嗽。

  (19) Let me look over you. 让我给你检查检查。

  (20) Have you taken your temperature? 你量过体温了吗?

  25求助

  (1) Help! 救命!

  (2) What's the matter? 怎么了?

  (3) Could you give me a hand?你能帮我吗?

  (4) Would you help me? 你能帮我吗?

  (5) Do you think you can lend me your bike?你可以借给我你的自行车吗?

  (6) Do you mind helping me with my English?你愿意帮我学英语吗?

  26处理交际中的障碍

  (1) Pardon. 请再说一遍。

  (2) Please say that again/more slowly.请再说一遍/说慢点。

  (3) I'm sorry I can't follow you. 很抱歉我听不懂。

  (4) I'm sorry I know only a little English.对不起,我只懂一点儿英语。


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